Nigeria: Among the future national leaders was Dr. Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe an Ibo. He became editor of the African Morning Post in Ghana after his studies in the United States of America.
Few years later, there was disagreement between Dr. Azikiwe and Ikoli. However, this made Dr Azikiwe and other leaders formed a new party. The party was The National Council Of Nigeria and Cameroons.
It was later renamed National Convention of Nigerian Citizens (N.C.N.C). Herbert Macaulay was the first president of this party. Macaulay has for year been fighting for the rights of Africans against colonial rule.
However, when Macaulay died in 1946, Dr. Azikiwe became the secretary general of NCNC . And later Zik became the president.
Most importantly, as an Ibo man, he gained much of his support from the Eastern Province. This was because southern Nigeria had been divided in 1939 into Western and Eastern Provinces.
In Western province (Yoruba land), a new movement was formed in 1948. The Egba Omo Oduduwa (society of the descendants of Oduduwa).
Three years later, this new movement developed into the Action Group (A.G). A.G was a strong political party. The first leader of A.G was Chief Obafemi Awolowo.
NCNC wanted a unitary Nigeria while AG wanted a federal system. In the Federal systemic, each region would have full powers over many issues. Powers without the interference of the central government.
Above all, in the North, Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (the first federal prime minister), and Mallam Aminu Kano in 1949 changed the Bauchi Improvement Association. They changed it into a political party called Northern People’s Congress (N. P. C).
The Sardauna of Sokoto, Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, great grandson of Uthman Dan Fodio was the leader of NPC.
Two years later,Mallam Aminu Kano and his supporters broke away from NPC. He formed Northern Elements Progressive Union (N. E. P. U) with it’s headquarters at Kano.
Meanwhile, as the fight for independence thickens, several smaller parties came up. But the three main political parties were N.C.N.C, A.G, and N.P.C. The strengths of the parties were centred in the three regions where they were formed .
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NIGERIA MY COUNTRY PART THREE